× Search

COVID-19 Resources

Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease 2019

Symptoms can include

Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure.

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of Breath.
Stop The Spread of Germs
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.dical care.
Why a Face Mask For Preventing COVID-19 Transmission?

Navajo Nation Public Health Emergency Order 2020-007 (Effective April 17, 2020) Requiring all individuals (2 years old and older) on the Navajo Nation to wear protective masks in public to help prevent the spread of COVID-19. A mask is a covering designed to filter one’s breathing through both the nose and mouth. Masks must snuggly cover the face and around the nose and mouth to prevent the wearer from breathing unfiltered air. Mask can be commercially-made or a homemade cloth face covering.

  • Remember to stay 6 feet apart from others in public.
  • Public means any area outside your home.
  • Avoid contact with people who are sick.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds/or sanitize your hands.
  • Avoid touching high-touch surfaces in public.
  • Wear gloves/use tissue/use t-shirt sleeves to cover your hands or fingers if you touch something.
  • Clean and disinfect purchased food and household items.
  • Clean and disinfect your home and vehicles to remove germs.
  • Only one person in the household should make a trip for food/household necessities
Essential Shopping Tips

Step 1: Be Prepared & Be Safe

  • Prepare a healthy list (fruits, vegetables, meat, cleaning supplies & household items).
  • Only ONE person to shop.
  • Verify local grocery store hours.
  • Take gloves, face masks, and sanitizing (wipes or liquid) in a disposable bag.

Step 2: Before You Shop

  • Exit vehicle and put on gloves and face mask.
  • Wipe down shopping cart/basket with sanitizing wipes.
  • Maintain a distance of 6 feet apart.

Step 3: While You Shop

  • Limit time in-store.
  • Buy only what you need.
  • Shop with sight not touch.
  • Avoid touching unnecessary surfaces (face, keys, phone, or other items).

Step 4: After You Shop

  • Before entering vehicle: remove gloves, place in bag and dispose.
  • Use hand sanitizer immediately after.
  • When home, properly wash hands.
  • Rinse all produce. Wipe down food items with soap and water or sanitizing wipes.

How to Safely Use Community Laundromats During COVID-19

How to Safely Use Community Laundromats During COVID-19

  • Practice physical distancing by doing laundry with less people around.
  • Wear disposible gloves if washing clothing of someone who has or suspected to have COVID-19.
  • Avoid shaking dirty laundry to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
  • Use a dryer or hang clothing on a line in direct sunlight to dry thoroughly.
  • Use disinfectant wipes or spray to clean laundry baskets and other surfaces.
  • Use disinfectant wipes or spray to clean the outside of the machine and laundry cart.
  • Use the warmest water setting possible to help eliminate traces of COVID-19.
  • Avoid placing clothing on commonly touched surfaces, or clean them before use.
  • Wash hands before handling clean clothing to prevent cross contamination.

Transporting Confirmed & Suspected COVID-19 Family Members to the Hospital

The Navajo Nation Health Command Operations Center advises families to follow proper transportation instructions to ensure the health and well-being of all family and community members.

STEP ONE: Preparation

  • Contact medical facility and verify check-in process.
  • Pack disinfectant spray/wipes, hand sanitizer, tissue, gloves, and trash bag.
  • Remove all unnecessary items on or near seats.
  • If possible, tape a plastic covering between the front and back seat OR between seats in a single cab vehicle.
  • Disinfect all commonly touched surfaces (door handles, seat belt, arm rest, etc.).
  • Limit travel to driver & passenger only, unless an additional caretaker is needed.
  • All occupants should wear a face mask.

STEP TWO: On the Road

  • To decrease risk of transmissions, limit conversations.
  • Avoid sharing items with sick family member.
  • Avoid using the air conditioner or heat.
  • Roll down windows to allow air flow.
  • Follow instructions when arriving at medical facility.

STEP THREE: Before Going Home

  • Disinfect all touched surfaces (door handles, seat belt, _arm rest, etc.).
  • Dispose of all used items and plastic lining in trash bag while wearing gloves. Dispose of gloves after.
  • Follow instructions provided by healthcare provider regarding patient care.
  • Repeat steps if sick family member is returning home.

Home Care for Suspected or Confirmed COVID-19 Households

Most people who test positive for COVID-19 will experience mild illness and should recover at home. High risks individuals or individuals that are displaying emergency warning signs should call 911 and notify dispatch personnel that they may have COVID-19.
STAY at home

  • Use a separate bedroom and bathroom if possible.
  • If not, limit contact with individual.
  • Stay hydrated and get plenty of rest.

WEAR a face mask

  • Have the suspected or confirmed COVID-19 individual wear a face mask that covers the mouth and nose while around others.
  • Fabric masks should be washed after every use or changed when moist.

WASH hands often

  • Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Use hand sanitizer that is at least 60% alcohol.

DON’T share items

  • Avoid sharing dishes, towels, bedding, food, drinks, electronics (cell phones), etc.

DISINFECT surfaces

  • Clean tables, door knobs, light switches, phones, toilets, faucets, etc., regularly.
  • Use disinfectant products or soap and water.

MONITOR symptoms

  • Track symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
  • If suspected of COVID-19, check temperature twice a day.


  • Trouble Breathing?
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest?
  • Confusion or inability to wake up?
  • Bluish lips or face?
  • If signs are present, get immediate medical attention.

CALL before going in

  • Notify medical facility or 911 dispatch, that the individual or yourself has or may have COVID-19.
  • Follow guidance provided by medical facility and healthcare provider.
Mental Wellness During COVID-19 Crisis

COVID-19 affects our lives in many ways that it may cause us to experience stress, anxiety, and fear. However it is important to take care of our mental wellness. Everyone handles stress differently therefore it is important that you and your family be mindful of your behavior and emotions.

What is stress?
From the Oxford Dictionary, stress is a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances.

What is anxiety?
From the Oxford Dictionary, anxiety is a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome.

Common reactions to COVID-19:

  • Concern about protecting oneself from the virus because they are at higher risk of serious illness.
  • Concern that regular medical care or community services may be disrupted due to facility closures or reductions in service.
  • Feeling socially isolated, especially if they live alone or are in a community setting that is not allowing visitors because of the outbreak.
  • Guilt if loved ones help them with activities of daily living.
  • Increased levels of distress if they:
  • Have mental health concerns before the outbreak, such as depression.
    • Live in lower-income households or have language barriers
    • Experience stigma because of age, race or ethnicity, disability, or perceived likelihood of spreading COVID-19.

Ways to cope with stress and anxiety:

  • Take breaks from watching, reading, or listening to news stories, including social media. Hearing about the pandemic repeatedly can be upsetting.
  • Take care of your body.
    • Take deep breaths, stretch, or meditate.
    • Try to eat healthy, well-balanced meals.
    • Exercise regularly, get plenty of sleep.
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs.
  • Make time to unwind. Try to do some other activities you enjoy.
  • Connect with others. Talk with people you trust about your concerns and how you are feeling.
  • Exercise (workout, household chores, yard work, hobbies, sports, etc.)
  • Call your healthcare provider if stress gets in the way of your daily activities for several days in a row.
  • People with preexisting mental health conditions should continue with their treatment and be aware of new or worsening symptoms.

928.810.7357 (505)368-1438 or (505)368-1467 MENTAL HEALTH HELPLINE

Proper Use Of KN95/N95 Masks

The recommendations in this fact sheet provide advice for when to discard or reuse a KN95/N95 mask. Paying attention to the condition of your mask—and discarding damaged or contaminated masks—can greatly reduce the risk of contact transmission. Do not reuse a mask more than five times.


(Standard: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Certification) The N95 respirator is the most common of the seven types of particulate filtering face piece respirators. This mask filters 95% of airborne viruses but the filter material is not resistant to oil.


KN95 Masks are manufactured outside the U.S. and are Chinese made masks, designed to meet the Chinese standards of protection. On April 3, 2020, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization for non-NIOSH-Approved N95 respirators made in China. The EUA makes KN95 Masks eligible for use, as long as certain protection standards are met.

*N95 masks are designed for full protection of clean shaven people.


  • Hang used clean and undamaged respirators in a designated storage area or keep them in a clean, breathable container such as a paper bag between uses.
  • Store one respirator in a bag and clearly identify who uses it. Storage containers should be disposed of or cleaned regularly.
  • If you accidentally touch the inside of your respirator, discard it.


  • N95 respirators are contaminated with blood, respiratory or nasal secretions, or other bodily fluids from patients.
  • Close contact with any patient co-infected with an infectious disease.
  • Mask is visibly dirty or damaged
  • Don’t not drink or inject bleach, lysol, or any other disinfectant as a treatment for covid-19.
  • Follow label instructions.
  • Do not mix chemicals.
  • Store chemicals out of reach of children.
  • Disinfectants are poisonous and can cause harm or even death if swallowed or injected.
  • Poison Help Hotline: 1-800-222-1222
Dikos Ntsaaígíí(COVID-19)
  • COVID-19 is a respiratory disease that was first detected in late 2019 and is present worldwide.
  • It is caused by a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).
  • Although most healthy people will develop mild to moderate disease, up to 1 in 5 young adults with COVID-19 may require hospitalization.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
  • HPS is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with hantaviruses
  • Navajo Nation is disproportionately affected, accounting for 18% of HPS cases in the U.S
  • Cases are reported year-round with a peak in the spring and fall months.

How Does The Virus Spread?

  • COVID-19 is spread between people in close contact (within 6 ft).
  • Respiratory droplets, produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks, can land in mouths or noses of people nearby.
  • Studies suggest COVID-19 may spread by people who are not showing symptoms
  • In the Four Corners, hantavirus is spread by the deer mouse. Infected mice shed the virus in their saliva, urine, and droppings.
  • People can get infected by breathing in air contaminated after fresh rodent waste or nesting materials are stirred up.
  • HPS is NOT spread from person-to-person.

Who Is At Heightened Risk Of Infection Or Serious Complications?


Healthcare providers and family members caring for COVID-19 patients are more frequently exposed. Residents of skilled nursing facilities or communal living centers with frequent contact with others. Older adults and people with chronic underlying medical conditions – heart or lung disease or diabetes – seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications and dying.


Anyone who comes in contact with infected rodent droppings, urine, saliva, or nests, including: Anyone cleaning up after rodent infestations, or opening and cleaning closed-up buildings without proper protection. Campers and hikers near areas infested with deer mice or other infected rodents. Construction, utility, and pest control workers in rodent infested spaces.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms? Incubation Period 2-14 Days COVID-19
Fever Headache
Fatigue Sore throat
Cough Loss of smell
Shortness of breath Runny nose
Muscle pains Bloody sputum
Vomiting and diarrhea
Incubation Period 7-60 Days HANTAVIRUS
Fever Headache
Fatigue Dizziness
Cough Chills
Shortness of breath Nausea
Muscle pains omiting and diarrhea
Abdominal pain

What Should You Do If You Are a Healthcare Provider and Suspect a Case?

  • Reinforce PPE and isolate patient.
  • Provide supplemental oxygen, as needed.
  • Notify public health authorities, immediately.
  • Consider early transfer to a facility capable of performing ventilation support and ECMO.
  • Send specimens for SARS-CoV-2 testing (PCR).
  • Provide supplemental oxygen as needed.
  • Administer inotropes early for hypotension.
  • Avoid fluid resuscitation.
  • Consider performing the 5-point hantavirus screen.
  • Consider early transfer to a facility capable of performing ventilation support and ECMO.
  • Contact your state/local health department for diagnostic testing.
Navajo Nation Funeral COVID-19 Guidelines


The following are guidelines in having a funeral service to honor the death of a loved one, who was a victim of COVID-19. All funeral activities should be conducted to protect the health and well-being of attendees and funeral home staff.

Center for Disease Control Guidelines:

There is currently no known risk associated with being in the same room at a funeral or visitation service with the body of someone who died due to COVID-19. People should consider not touching the body of someone who has died of COVID-19.

Navajo Department of Health Guidelines:

Public Health Emergency Order No. 2020-004 states that no more than five (5) people should attend the funeral service. Furthermore, Public Health Emergency Order No. 2020-007 states that all individuals in the Navajo Nation shall wear face masks in public, including funeral services.

Navajo Nation Division of Community Development (DCD) Guidelines:

Navajo Nation Chapters will continue to remain closed to the public. However, chapters can provide non-contact services via phone calls and email. Please contact your designated Chapter for further information and concerns.

Navajo Nation Land Department Guidelines:

The Navajo Nation Homesite Lease Regulations states that all modern burial sites and graves are prohibited within the homesite lease premises. All burial sites should be in a community approved cemetery (See Section 17.08-J, Resolution No. RCD-74-16). Fines and fees will be issued for illegal burials in open range locations.

Navajo Nation Division of Social Services Guidelines:

The Navajo Division of Social Services COVID-19 Burial Assistance assists Navajo families with the loss of a loved one due to COVID-19. The criteria for the COVID-19 Burial Assistance, the deceased must:

  • Be a member of the Navajo Nation with an enrolled census number and;
  • Expired from COVID-19, as verified by the appropriate authority.

Applications for burial assistance are available at all contracted mortuaries. For more information regarding applications, call the Navajo Nation Division of Social Services at (866) 347-2403.


Adult/children ........................$2,500.00

Children ..................................$1,500.00

Still Born / Fetus Container .......$100.00


No Casket................................$1,000.00

CREMATION .......................$1,300.00

Navajo Family Assistance Program List of Contracted Mortuaries

Alameda Mortuary Rollie Mortuary
Albuquerque, NM Gallup, NM
(505) 898-3160 (505) 863-4452
Compassion Mortuary Silver Creek Mortuary
Grants, NM Gallup, NM
(866) 292-0086 (505) 371-3690
Cope Memorial Chapel Tse Bonito Mortuary
Gallup, NM Tse Bonito, NM
(505) 722-6671 (505) 371-5565
Cope Memorial Chapel Summit Funeral Home
Kirtland, NM Saint Michaels, AZ
(505) 598-9636 (928) 871-1120
Daniel’s Family Funeral Services Valley Ridge Mortuary
Socorro, NM Tuba City, AZ
(575) 835-1530 (928) 640-7677
Desert View Funeral Home The listed mortuaries are in an agreement with DSS Navajo Financial Assistance Services to provide burial services to individuals who qualify for Burial Assistance and reserve the right to decline requests for services. List of mortuaries are subject to change.
Shiprock, NM
(505) 368-4607

Funeral Guidance During COVID-19 State of Emergency


Contact your local funeral home, who should follow routine infection prevention when coming into contact with a decedent with confirmed or suspected COVID-19

  • Embalming
  • Cremation

Use precautions as any other decedent with a contagious disease.

  • Graveside service
  • Traditional/cultural burial

Limit to 5 people or less in a room at a time, stay 6 ft apart, and wear a face mask.

  • Reception
  • Washing/Cleansing
  • Tsin Bó’ósni’ Binaach’i

Reception is not recommended. Traditional practice should be shortened to protect personal hygiene. Communal traditional medicine cups should be cleaned after each use or limited to one person per cup.

Finding Your Latitude & Longitude Coordinates
Get the coordinates of a place
  1. On a computer, open Google Maps. If using Maps in Lite mode, coordinates will be unavailable.
  2. Right-click the place or area on the map.
  3. Select “What’s here”?
  4. At the bottom, a card will appear with the appropriate coordinates. Finding Your Latitude & Longitude Coordinates.
Enter coordinates to find a place
  • 1.On a computer, open Google Maps.
  • 2.In the search box at the top, enter coordinates. Example formats include:
    • Degrees, minutes, and seconds (DMS): 41°24’12.2”N 2°10’26.5”E
    • Degrees and decimal minutes (DMM): 41 24.2028, 2 10.4418
    • Decimal degrees (DD): 41.40338, 2.17403
  • 3.A pin will appear based on coordinates.
Tips for formatting your coordinates
  • Use the degree symbol instead of “d”.
  • Use periods as decimals, not commas. Incorrect: 41,40338, 2,17403. Correct: 41.40338, 2.17403.
  • List latitude coordinates before longitude coordinates.
  • First number in latitude coordinate should be between -90 and 90.
  • First number in longitude coordinate should be between -180 and 180. Cited from:
How to Clean Your Groceries During COVID-19

As grocery shopping remains a necessity during the COVID-19 pandemic, many people have questions about how to clean groceries. Below are some helpful tips for unpacking and cleaning your groceries when you return home.

Returning from a Grocery Trip
  • Prepare an area within the home to place shopping bags.
  • Prepare warm water, soap, and household disinfectant items.
  • Place the shopping bags in the area and remove all items from bags.
  • Dispose of bags or wash reusable bags.
  • Wash hands thoroughly when done.

Unpacking and Storing Non-Perishable Items
  • Wipe down all food boxes and packages with soap and water or disinfectant.
  • AVOID USING disinfectants directly on food, i.e. meats and produce.
  • Let all boxes and packages dry before putting them in the pantry or refrigerator.
  • Wash hands thoroughly when done.

Cleaning Produce (vegetables & fruit)
  • OPTION ONE: Wash and scrub produce under running water and dry.
  • OPTION TWO: Soak produce with warm water and soap for 15 minutes and dry. Remember: Plan to gather more essential goods – like water for cleaning – than you normally would.
  • AVOID USING dishcloths, sponges, and vegetable scrubbers.

Cleaning Up
  • Disinfect cleaning area, wash area, and any items used.
  • Wash hands thoroughly when done.
Alternate Care Sites

NOTE: Housing in Alternate Care Sites is available by doctor’s referral only. Anyone arriving at these sites without the referral of a medical professional or hospital case worker will not be admitted.

Alternate Care Sites

Following a hospital stay for COVID-19, you may be requested, prior to discharge to continue your care in an Alternate Care Site (ACS). ACS sites are a step-down from hospital care for COVID patients who are not well enough to go directly home and still need monitoring by medical professionals. This frees-up hospital resources for more critically ill patients. There will be continued medical monitoring at an ACS until you are ready to go home.


Following a COVID-19 test, your doctor will contact you to explain your diagnosis and determine any immediate health care needs. They will also assess any risk factors you have for serious complications, and this is important because certain pre-existing medical conditions may increase your risk of complications.

A case manager will also contact you if you are a positive diagnosis for COVID-19. Your case manager will ask if you have any immediate needs or are unable to self-isolate.

Continuity of Care

If you require continued care following a hospital stay due to COVID-19, your doctor will determine if you are eligible for a referral to an ACS.

Eligibility for Alternate Care Sites

Alternate Care Sites are not hospitals; however, they do offer limited health care to those recovering from COVID-19 following a hospital stay who are unable to be cared for in a home setting. To be eligible for referral to an Alternate Care Site, you must:

  • have a lab-confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis;
  • meet specific health criteria determined by your doctor and case manager;
  • do not require extensive nursing care or assistance with activities of daily living; and
  • are unable to quarantine or receive care at home.

Returning Home

Since these sites are designed for short term care, you will be expected to leave once you test negative or have completed the recommended duration of your medical care.

Isolation Sites

**NOTE: Housing in Isolation Sites is available by doctor’s referral only. Anyone arriving at these sites without the referral of a medical professional or hospital case worker will not be admitted.**

Isolation Sites

Following a positive diagnosis for COVID-19, you will be requested to self-isolate for up to two weeks to prevent the spread of the virus. Most people who test positive will have mild illness and should be able to recover at home. But what if you are not able to stay in a separate room at your home or don't have safe, stable housing? You may be eligible for care at an Isolation Site.


Your doctor will contact you to explain your diagnosis of COVID-19 and determine any immediate health care needs. They will also assess any risk factors you have for serious complications, and this is important because certain pre-existing medical conditions may increase your risk of complications from the virus.

A case manager will also contact you if you are diagnosed with COVID-19. Your case manager will ask if you have any immediate needs and are able to stay in a separate room, away from other family members. If you are unable to self-isolate, a case manager will work with your provider to determine if you’re eligible to stay at an Isolation Site. Housing in these sites is available by referral only.

Eligibility for Isolation Sites

Isolation sites are not hospitals but temporary accommodations that allow patients with a lab-confirmed COVID diagnosis—or those under investigation for COVID—to safely self-isolate. To be eligible for referral to an Isolation Site, you must:

  • Be able to conduct activities of daily living independently
  • unable to be isolated at home
  • meet specific health criteria determined by your doctor and case manager
  • be over the age of 18, unless part of a family who is COVID positive
  • not under the influence of alcohol or drugs or likely to experience withdrawal

If you have transportation, you will be required to transport yourself to a facility; however, if transportation is needed, it may be provided for you.

Be Prepared

If you are showing symptoms of COVID-19, it is important for you to be tested. You should also be prepared for a possible hospital stay when you arrive at the hospital to be tested. In some cases—if you are unable to self-isolate in a separate area of your home for up to 14-days at home—you may have the option to stay in an Isolation Site. Those individuals who choose to accept the temporary accommodations at the isolation site should make the following preparations:

  • Notify your emergency contact of your plans.
  • Lock you house and secure your personal belongings.
  • Arrange for care of any pets or other dependent animals, as pets may not be allowed, depending on the facility.

Bring the following items with you:
  • Photo ID
  • Insurance and/or Medicare cards
  • Prescribed Medications and over-the-counter medications that you are currently taking that will last you for 14 days
  • (If available) A copy of advance health care directives, such as durable power of attorney
  • (sometimes known as medical power of attorney) for health care and living will
  • (If available) A personal health record that includes information such as allergies, health conditions, immunization record and reports of recent tests or physical exams
  • A list of telephone numbers of family and friends to be contacted as needed

Clothing and footwear:
  • Comfortable Clothing/sleepwear
  • Shoes/sneakers/slippers

Toiletries and Hygiene Products:
  • Toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss
  • Deodorant
  • Soap, shampoo, conditioner
  • Feminine hygiene
  • Makeup, makeup remover
  • Shaving supplies
  • Skin products
  • Brush, comb, hair products
  • Nail supplies/tweezers
  • Glasses, contact lenses, supplies

Other items:
  • Containers for contacts/dentures
  • Cellular phone + charger
  • Laptop/iPad/E-Reader + charger(s)
  • Books/Magazines/Cards
  • Pen/Paper
  • Snacks/Drinks

Returning Home

Since these sites are designed for short term isolation, you will be expected to leave once you test negative or have completed the recommended duration of self-isolation. If you choose to leave for personal reasons at any time before recovery, you acknowledge that you may be contagious and may be able to infect other people.

If you choose to self-isolate at home, follow the Navajo Nation Department of Health's guidance and health care provider's instructions. More information is available online at:

Use Hand Sanitizers Safely
When soap and water are not available, using a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol can help you avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others.
  • When using hand sanitizer, apply the product to the palm of one hand and rub the product all over the surfaces of your hands until hands are dry.
  • Swallowing alcohol-based hand sanitizer can cause alcohol poisoning if a person swallows more than a couple of mouthfuls
  • Hand sanitizer should be stored out of reach of children and should be used with adult supervision.
  • Keep sanitizer away from fire or flames.
  • Do not use hand sanitizer that contains methanol, a substance that can be toxic when absorbed through the skin or ingested.
  • Do not use hand sanitizer if hands are visibly dirty or greasy. Wash hands instead, If water and soap are available.
Consumers who have been exposed to hand sanitizer containing methanol should seek immediate treatment. Substantial methanol exposure can result in nausea, vomiting, headache, blurred vision, permanent blindness, seizures, coma, permanent damage to the nervous system or death.

Which hand sanitizers are toxic or ineffective?



Terms Of UsePrivacy StatementCopyright 2021 by NNDIT
Back To Top